|Title||An Argo mixed layer climatology and database|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Holte J., Talley LD, Gilson J., Roemmich D.|
|Journal||Geophysical Research Letters|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||antarctic mode; Argo; circulation; Climatology; convection; depths; global; intermediate; labrador sea-water; mixed layer; mode water; north-atlantic; ocean; transport|
A global climatology and database of mixed layer properties are computed from nearly 1,250,000 Argo profiles. The climatology is calculated with both a hybrid algorithm for detecting the mixed layer depth (MLD) and a standard threshold method. The climatology provides accurate information about the depth, properties, extent, and seasonal patterns of global mixed layers. The individual profile results in the database can be used to construct time series of mixed layer properties in specific regions of interest. The MLDs calculated by the hybrid algorithm are shallower and generally more accurate than those of the threshold method, particularly in regions of deep winter mixed layers; the new climatology differs the most from existing mixed layer climatologies in these regions. Examples are presented from the Labrador and Irminger Seas, the Southern Ocean, and the North Atlantic Ocean near the Gulf Stream. In these regions the threshold method tends to overestimate winter MLDs by approximately 10% compared to the algorithm.