|Title||Array invariant-based source localization in shallow water using a sparse vertical array|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Song H.C, Cho C|
|Journal||The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America|
The array invariant proposed for robust source localization in shallow water exploits the beam-time migration of broadband signals. The approach requires minimal knowledge of the environment, but involves plane wave beamforming using a short-aperture vertical array in stratified acoustic waveguides. In this paper, the array invariant approach is extended to a large-aperture vertical array that is sparse with significant variation of the sound speed across the aperture for conventional beamforming. The extension is feasible because the array invariant in shallow water utilizes surface/bottom-reflected arrivals that behave like those in ideal waveguides. Robust source-range estimation is demonstrated using data from a 16-element, 56-m long vertical array at various ranges (1.5–3.5 km) from a broadband source (0.5–2 kHz) in approximately 100-m deep shallow water.