|Title||Basic data features and results from a spatially dense seismic array on the San Jacinto fault zone|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Ben-Zion Y., Vernon FL, Ozakin Y., Zigone D., Ross Z.E, Meng H.R, White M., Reyes J., Hollis D., Barklage M.|
|Journal||Geophysical Journal International|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||double-difference tomography; earthquake; field; ground motion; Guided waves; noise; radiation; Seismic attenuation; seismic tomography; Site effects; site response; southern california; temporal-changes; velocity changes; wave propagation; Wave scattering and diffraction|
We discuss several outstanding aspects of seismograms recorded during >4 weeks by a spatially dense Nodal array, straddling the damage zone of the San Jacinto fault in southern California, and some example results. The waveforms contain numerous spikes and bursts of high-frequency waves (up to the recorded 200 Hz) produced in part by minute failure events in the shallow crust. The high spatial density of the array facilitates the detection of 120 small local earthquakes in a single day, most of which not detected by the surrounding ANZA and regional southern California networks. Beamforming results identify likely ongoing cultural noise sources dominant in the frequency range 1-10 Hz and likely ongoing earthquake sources dominant in the frequency range 20-40 Hz. Matched-field processing and back-projection of seismograms provide alternate event location. The median noise levels during the experiment at different stations, waves generated by Betsy gunshots, and wavefields from nearby earthquakes point consistently to several structural units across the fault. Seismic trapping structure and local sedimentary basin produce localized motion amplification and stronger attenuation than adjacent regions. Cross correlations of high-frequency noise recorded at closely spaced stations provide a structural image of the subsurface material across the fault zone. The high spatial density and broad frequency range of the data can be used for additional high resolution studies of structure and source properties in the shallow crust.