|Title||Best practices for autonomous measurement of seawater pH with the Honeywell Durafet|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Jr PJBresnah, Martz TR, Takeshita Y, Johnson KS, LaShomb M|
|Journal||Methods in Oceanography|
|Keywords||acidification; calibration; ISFET; ph; Sensor|
Performance of autonomous pH sensors is evaluated by comparing in situ data to independent bench-top measurements of pH and to co-located pH, O2, and p CO 2 sensors. While the best practice is always to deploy a properly calibrated sensor, the lengthy time period required for sensor conditioning and calibration often results in sensor deployment without comprehensive calibration. Quality control (QC) procedures are examined to determine the errors associated with different in situ calibration approaches and lay a framework for best practices. Sensor packages employing the Honeywell Durafet remained stable across multiple deployments for over nine months. However, sensor performance was often limited by biofouling. Regional empirical relationships for estimating carbonate system parameters are shown to enable identification of otherwise indistinguishable sensor offset and drift when multiple sensor types are co-located. Uncertainty is determined by calibration approach and must be quantified on a case-by-case basis. Our results indicate that the Durafet is capable of accuracy, relative to a chosen reference, of better than 0.03 pH units over multiple months. Accuracy is improved when a robust shore-side calibration is performed, an independent means of QC is available throughout a deployment, and effective biofouling prevention measures are taken.