Bio-optical characteristics along the Straits of Magallanes

TitleBio-optical characteristics along the Straits of Magallanes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsLutz V., Frouin R., Negri R., Silva R., Pompeu M., Rudorff N., Cabral A., Dogliotti A., Martinez G.
JournalContinental Shelf Research
Volume119
Pagination56-67
Date Published2016/05
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0278-4343
Accession NumberWOS:000375166300005
Keywordscarbon; CDOM absorption; growth-rate; magellan; marine synechococcus; particulate absorption; Photoacclimation; Phytoplankton pigments; Prochlorococcus; sea; Straits of Magallanes; sub-antarctic area; summer; temperature; to chlorophyll ratio
Abstract

The Straits of Magallanes at the tip of South America connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The variability in the absorption characteristics by phytoplankton (a(ph)(440)), non-pigmented particles, NPP (a(NPP)(440)), and chromophoric dissolved organic matter, CDOM (a(y)(440)), measured along the Straits in late summer 2011 (RN Melville MV1102 cruise), was analyzed. Satellite-derived monthly PAR data showed that at the time of the cruise the western sector was exposed to a low-light environment (similar to 16 mol quanta m(-2)d(-1)) while the eastern sector received higher irradiance (similar to 28 mol quanta m(-2)d(-1)). In the Patagonian Shelf total absorption was dominated by phytoplankton (up to 76%; aph (440)=0.265 m(-1)), while in the Atlantic Sector of the Straits, the major contributor was NPP (up to 42%; a(NPP)(440)=0.138 m(-1)), and in the Pacific Sector of the Straits CDOM contributed up to 80% of the total absorption (a(y)(440)=0.232 m(-1)). These changes could be related in part to the input of fresh water from glacier melting and rain in the Pacific Sector (a(y)(440) vs salinity r(s)=-0.98). The carbon biomass (C) was composed in its majority by pico-phytoplanlcton and secondly by nano-phytoplankton, with exception of the Atlantic Sector where the micro-phytoplankton dominated. Carbon to chlorophyll-a ratios (C:Chla) were very low throughout the Straits (average of similar to 6) because of photoacclimation to the extremely low light Complementary pigments data obtained in spring 2003 by the BEAGLE expedition indicated the predominance of diatoms all along the Straits, but the bio-optical trend resembled the one found in late summer 2011, i.e., NPP dominated the absorption in the well mixed Atlantic Sector, phytoplankton in the Middle Sector, and CDOM in the Pacific Sector. These results emphasize that underwater light is the major factor affecting phytoplankton growth and physiology, and that prevalent physical and geochemical conditions play an important role regulating the bio-optical properties in this heterogeneous area. These effects should be considered to adjust parameters (such as C:Chla) when running biogeochemical models for this region. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.csr.2016.03.008
Short TitleCont Shelf Res
Student Publication: 
No