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Can we detect submesoscale motions in drifter pair dispersion?

TitleCan we detect submesoscale motions in drifter pair dispersion?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsEssink S., Hormann V., Centurioni LR, Mahadevan A.
Date Published2019/09
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0022-3670
Accession NumberWOS:000481851700001
Keywordsbay; bengal; constant-level balloons; diffusion; dispersion; Fronts; layer; Mesoscale processes; near-surface circulation; oceanography; relative dispersion; statistics; Subgrid-scale processes; trajectories; turbulence; water

A cluster of 45 drifters deployed in the Bay of Bengal is tracked for a period of four months. Pair dispersion statistics, from observed drifter trajectories and simulated trajectories based on surface geostrophic velocity, are analyzed as a function of drifter separation and time. Pair dispersion suggests nonlocal dynamics at submesoscales of 1-20 km, likely controlled by the energetic mesoscale eddies present during the observations. Second-order velocity structure functions and their Helmholtz decomposition, however, suggest local dispersion and divergent horizontal flow at scales below 20 km. This inconsistency cannot be explained by inertial oscillations alone, as has been reported in recent studies, and is likely related to other nondispersive processes that impact structure functions but do not enter pair dispersion statistics. At scales comparable to the deformation radius L-D, which is approximately 60 km, we find dynamics in agreement with Richardson's law and observe local dispersion in both pair dispersion statistics and second-order velocity structure functions.

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