|Title||A carbon-rich region in Miller Range 091004 and implications for ureilite petrogenesis|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Day JMD, Corder C.A, Cartigny P., Steele A., Assayag N., Rumble D., Taylor L.A|
|Journal||Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||achondrites; chondrites; feo-rich; Graphite; Highly siderophile elements; Late-stage carbon; Melt-depletion; meteorites; MIL 091004; origin; oxygen-isotope; parent body; polymict; reduction; trace-element; Ureilite|
Ureilite meteorites are partially melted asteroidal-peridotite residues, or more rarely, cumulates that can contain greater than three weight percent carbon. Here we describe an exceptional C-rich lithology, composed of 34 modal % large (up to 0.8 mm long) crystalline graphite grains, in the Antarctic ureilite meteorite Miller Range (MIL) 091004. This C-rich lithology is embedded within a silicate region composed dominantly of granular olivine with lesser quantities of low-Ca pyroxene, and minor FeNi metal, high-Ca pyroxene, spinel, schreibersite and troilite. Petrological evidence indicates that the graphite was added after formation of the silicate region and melt depletion. Associated with graphite is localized reduction of host olivine (Fo(88-89)) to nearly pure forsterite (Fo(99)), which is associated with FeNi metal grains containing up to 11 wt.% Si. The main silicate region is typical of ureilite composition, with highly siderophile element (HSE) abundances similar to 0.3 x chondrite, Os-187/Os-188 of 0.1260-0.1262 and Delta O-17 of -0.81 +/- 0.16 parts per thousand. Mineral trace-element analyses reveal that the rare earth elements (REE) and the HSE are controlled by pyroxene and FeNi metal phases in the meteorite, respectively. Modeling of bulk-rock REE and HSE abundances indicates that the main silicate region experienced similar to 6% silicate and >50% sulfide melt extraction, which is at the lower end of partial melt removal estimated for ureilites. Miller Range 091004 demonstrates heterogeneous distribution of carbon at centimeter scales and a limited range in Mg/(Mg + Fe) compositions of silicate grain cores, despite significant quantities of carbon. These observations demonstrate that silicate rim reduction was a rapid disequilibrium process, and came after silicate and sulfide melt removal in MIL 091004. The petrography and mineral chemistry of MIL 091004 is permissive of the graphite representing late-stage C-rich melt that pervaded silicates, or carbon that acted as a lubricant during anatexis and impact disruption in the parent body. Positive correlation of Pt/Os ratios with olivine core compositions, but a wide range of oxygen isotope compositions, indicates that ureilites formed from a compositionally heterogeneous parent body that experienced variable sulfide and metal melt-loss that is most pronounced in relatively oxidized ureilites with Delta O-17 between similar to 1.5 and similar to 0 parts per thousand. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.