Challenges and opportunities for improved understanding of regional climate dynamics

TitleChallenges and opportunities for improved understanding of regional climate dynamics
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsCollins M., Minobe S., Barreiro M., Bordoni S, Kaspi Y., Kuwano-Yoshida A., Keenlyside N., Manzini E., O'Reilly C.H, Sutton R., Xie SP, Zolina O.
JournalNature Climate Change
Volume8
Pagination101-108
Date Published2018/02
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1758-678X
Accession NumberWOS:000423842400010
Keywordsatmospheric blocking; cyclones; el-nino; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; extratropical; future climate; global-warming hiatus; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences; north-atlantic; resolution model; sea-ice; storm-track; tropical pacific
Abstract

Dynamical processes in the atmosphere and ocean are central to determining the large-scale drivers of regional climate change, yet their predictive understanding is poor. Here, we identify three frontline challenges in climate dynamics where significant progress can be made to inform adaptation: response of storms, blocks and jet streams to external forcing; basin-to-basin and tropical-extratropical teleconnections; and the development of non-linear predictive theory. We highlight opportunities and techniques for making immediate progress in these areas, which critically involve the development of high-resolution coupled model simulations, partial coupling or pacemaker experiments, as well as the development and use of dynamical metrics and exploitation of hierarchies of models.

DOI10.1038/s41558-017-0059-8
Short TitleNat. Clim. Chang.
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