Climatological relationship between warm season atmospheric rivers and heavy rainfall over East Asia

TitleClimatological relationship between warm season atmospheric rivers and heavy rainfall over East Asia
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsKamae Y., Mei W, Xie SP
JournalJournal of the Meteorological Society of Japan
Volume95
Pagination411-431
Date Published2017/11
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0026-1165
Accession NumberWOS:000414950600004
KeywordsAtmospheric River; dense network; enso; gridded precipitation dataset; heavy; indo-western pacific; Indo-westerns Pacific Ocean Capacitor; moisture transport; north pacific; Northwestern Pacific; ocean capacitor; rainfall; satellite-observations; summer monsoon; tropical cyclones
Abstract

Eddy transport of atmospheric,ater vapor from the tropics is important for rainfall and related natural disasters in the middle latitudes. Atmospheric rivers (ARs), intense moisture plumes that are typically associated with extratropical cyclones, often produce heavy precipitation upon encountering topography on the west coasts of mid-latitude North America and Europe. ARs also occur over the northwestern Pacific and sometimes cause floods and landslides over East Asia, but the climatological relationship between ARs and heavy rainfall in this region remains unclear. Here we evaluate the contribution of ARs to the hydrological cycle over East Asia using high-resolution daily rainfall observations and an atmospheric reanalysis during 1958-2007. Despite their low occurrence, ARs account for 14-44 % of the total rainfall and 20-90 % of extreme heavy-rainfall events during spring, summer, and autumn. AR-related extreme rainfall is especially pronounced over western-to-southeastern slopes of terrains over the Korean Peninsula and Japan, owing to strong orographic effects and a stable direction of low-level moisture flows. A strong relationship between warm-season AR heavy rainfall and preceding-winter El Nino is identified since the 1970s, suggesting the potential of predicting heavy-rainfall risk over Korea and Japan at seasonal leads.

DOI10.2151/jmsj.2017-027
Short TitleJ. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn.
Student Publication: 
No
sharknado