Clinopyroxene compositions in the Deccan and Rajmahal Traps and their bearing on magma types and evolution

TitleClinopyroxene compositions in the Deccan and Rajmahal Traps and their bearing on magma types and evolution
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsKrishnamurthy P., Mahoney J.J, Gopalan K., MacDougall J.D
JournalJournal of Asian Earth Sciences
Volume84
Pagination102-117
Date Published2014/04
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1367-9120
Accession NumberWOS:000334481600010
KeywordsAugite; Basalt; chemical classification; Deccan and Rajmahal Traps; differentiation; equilibria; geochemistry; India; lavas; origin; petrology; Picrite; picrite basalts; Pigeonite; volcanic-rocks; western india
Abstract

Electron probe analyses of clinopyroxenes from several areas of the Deccan and Rajmahal Traps consisting mostly of subalkalic and alkalic basalts, picritic basalts and a few dolerite dykes have been obtained. Evaluation of the data indicate the absence of pigeonite from subalkalic basalts that occur in close spatial association with mild or strongly alkalic basalts in areas such as Rajpipla, Navagam and central Kachchh. Co-existence of augite and pigeonite, however, has been noticed in subalkalic basalts/dykes and picritic basalts from a number of Deccan localities such as Sagar, Igatpuri, Kalsubai, Triambak, Pavagarh and Girnar besides the one sample from Rajmahal. Diopside, salite, and wollastonite-rich compositions dominate the basanites and foidites of Kachchh whereas chrome-diopside and saute are the main types in the picrite basalt samples from Anila, Botad and Paliyad in Saurashtra akin to those found in contiguous areas in the east from borehole flows at Dhandhuka and Wadhwan studied in detail previously. Compositional variations in zoned clinopyroxenes indicate differentiation of the parental magma and also mixing of different magma types (subalkalic and alkalic) from areas such as Igatpuri, Rajpipla and Kachchh. Based on host-rock chemistry, total alkalis-silica plot, CIPW norms, estimated temperatures of eruption and augite - pigeonite thermometry, it has been inferred that clinopyroxene compositions, especially the incidence of pigeonite, appear to be very sensitive to bulk chemistry of host rocks, especially their Na2O, K2O, SiO2, total iron and TiO2 contents. Non-quadrilateral cationic components in the clinopyroxenes, such as Al in tetrahedral and octahedral positions together with Si, Na, Ti and Cr abundances have been found to be useful to discriminate clinopyroxenes from alkalic and subalkalic basalt types besides inferences on the ferric iron component in them. Evaluation of host-rock compositions in the ternary olivine-clinopyroxene-quartz plot indicate polybaric conditions of crystallization and evolution especially in samples that are picritic (e.g. Pavagarh, Anila and Kachchh) and which could also breach the olivine-clinopyroxene-plagioclase thermal divide that exists in part between alkalic and subalkalic basalts under atmospheric conditions. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.jseaes.2013.09.023
Short TitleJ. Asian Earth Sci.
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