Compressive sensing of frequency-dependent seismic radiation from subduction zone megathrust ruptures

TitleCompressive sensing of frequency-dependent seismic radiation from subduction zone megathrust ruptures
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsYao HJ, Shearer PM, Gerstoft P
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Date Published2013/03
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0027-8424
Accession NumberWOS:000317521600031
Keywordsaftershock; array; coseismic radiation and slip; depth-varying friction; Distribution; pressurization; reconstruction; sediments; signal; slip; subduction zone earthquake; sumatra-andaman earthquake; tohoku-oki earthquake

Megathrust earthquakes rupture a broad zone of the subducting plate interface in both along-strike and along-dip directions. The along-dip rupture characteristics of megathrust events, e.g., their slip and energy radiation distribution, reflect depth-varying frictional properties of the slab interface. Here, we report high-resolution frequency-dependent seismic radiation of the four largest megathrust earthquakes in the past 10 y using a compressive-sensing (sparse source recovery) technique, resolving generally low-frequency radiation closer to the trench at shallower depths and high-frequency radiation farther from the trench at greater depths. Together with coseismic slip models and early aftershock locations, our results suggest depth-varying frictional properties at the subducting plate interfaces. The shallower portion of the slab interface (above similar to 15 km) is frictionally stable or conditionally stable and is the source region for tsunami earthquakes with large coseismic slip, deficient high-frequency radiation, and few early aftershocks. The slab interface at intermediate depths (similar to 15-35 km) is the main unstable seismogenic zone for the nucleation of megathrust quakes, typically with large coseismic slip, abundant early aftershocks, and intermediate- to high-frequency radiation. The deeper portion of the slab interface (similar to 35-45 km) is seismically unstable, however with small coseismic slip, dominant high-frequency radiation, and relatively fewer aftershocks.

Integrated Research Themes: