Consistent extinction risk assessment under the US Endangered Species Act

TitleConsistent extinction risk assessment under the US Endangered Species Act
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsBoyd C., DeMaster D.P, Waples R.S, Ward E.J, Taylor BL
JournalConservation Letters
Volume10
Pagination328-336
Date Published2017/05
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1755-263X
Accession NumberWOS:000403565100007
KeywordsBayesian state-space population model; conservation prioritization; criteria; list; listing criteria; management; models; population viability; population viability analysis; recovery; risk analysis; rules; threatened species; united-states
Abstract

Identifying species at risk of extinction is essential for effective conservation priority-setting in the face of accelerating biodiversity loss. However, the levels of risk that lead to endangered or threatened listing decisions under the United States Endangered Species Act (ESA) are not well defined. We used a Bayesian population modeling approach to estimate levels of risk consistently for 14 marine species previously assessed under the ESA. For each species, we assessed the risks of declining below various abundance thresholds over various time horizons. We found that high risks of declining below 250 mature individuals within five generations matched well with ESA endangered status, while number of populations was useful for distinguishing between threatened and "not warranted" species. The risk assessment framework developed here could enable more consistent, predictable, and transparent ESA status assessments in the future.

DOI10.1111/conl.12269
Short TitleConserv. Lett.
Student Publication: 
No