|Title||A Cr isotopic study of the Bon Accord NiO body in the Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Tredoux M., Roelofse F., Shukolyukov A.|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||Archaean; Barberton greenstone belt; chromium; core; Cr isotopes; Deep mantle; formation; geochemistry; mantle; mn-53-cr-53 systematics; Ni-rich rock; nickel-iron; origin; osmium; platinum-group minerals; solar-system; trace-elements|
An unusual oxide body, enriched in Ni and the platinum-group elements, was found in the north-western part of the Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa, in the 1920s. With mineralogy and geochemistry which are extremely anomalous, and do not conform to that of any other Ni-rich crustal rocks, it has been interpreted as either an Archaean paleo-meteorite or of terrestrial deep-mantle origin. Cr isotopic ratios were used to evaluate the merits of these two possibilities. Isotopic analyses returned values for epsilon(53) of 0.00 epsilon units, within a 2 s error, relative to a terrestrial standard. We interpret this information, together with trace element data from the surrounding peridotites, as pointing to a terrestrial origin for the body, and conclude that the current dataset is not inconsistent with a deep-mantle origin, as a remnant of core formation, with subsequent transport to and emplacement in the lithosphere by a mantle plume. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Short Title||Chem. Geol.|