De novo transcriptome assembly of the calanoid copepod Neocalanus flemingeri: A new resource for emergence from diapause

TitleDe novo transcriptome assembly of the calanoid copepod Neocalanus flemingeri: A new resource for emergence from diapause
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsRoncalli V., Cieslak M.C, Sommer S.A, Hoperoft R.R, Lenz P.H
Date Published2018/02
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1874-7787
Accession NumberWOS:000428974700018
KeywordsAlaska; annotation; biomass; CAP3 assembly program; Dormancy; eastern; Genetics & Heredity; Illumina; Marine & Freshwater Biology; mesozooplankton; mortality; ocean; pacific-ocean; patterns; Shelf; Sub Artic Pacific; Trinity; Zooplankton

Copepods, small planktonic crustaceans, are key links between primary producers and upper trophic levels, including many economically important fishes. In the subarctic North Pacific, the life cycle of copepods like Neocalanus flemingeri includes an ontogenetic migration to depth followed by a period of diapause (a type of dormancy) characterized by arrested development and low metabolic activity. The end of diapause is marked by the production of the first brood of eggs. Recent temperature anomalies in the North Pacific have raised concerns about potential negative effects on N. flemingeri. Since diapause is a developmental program, its progress can be tracked using through global gene expression. Thus, a reference transcriptome was developed as a first step towards physiological profiling of diapausing females using high-throughput Illumina sequencing. The de novo transcriptome, the first for this species was designed to investigate the diapause period. RNA-Seq reads were obtained for dormant to reproductive N. flemingeri females. A high quality de novo transcriptome was obtained by first assembling reads from each individual using Trinity software followed by clustering with CAP3 Assembly Program. This assembly consisted of 140,841 transcripts (contigs). Bench-marking universal single-copy orthologs analysis identified 85% of core eukaryotic genes, with 79% predicted to be complete. Comparison with other calanoid transcriptomes confirmed its quality and degree of completeness. Trinity assembly of reads originating from multiple individuals led to fragmentation. Thus, the workflow applied here differed from the one recommended by Trinity, but was required to obtain a good assembly.

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