|Title||Decrease in radiative forcing by organic aerosol nucleation, climate, and land use change|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Zhu J.L, Penner JE, Yu F.Q, Sillman S., Andreae M.O, Coe H.|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||atmospheric particle formation; chemistry; emissions; isoprene; master chemical mechanism; mcm v3 part; model; natural aerosols; Science & Technology - Other Topics; soa formation; tropospheric degradation|
Organic nucleation is an important source of atmospheric aerosol number concentration, especially in pristine continental regions and during the preindustrial period. Here, we improve on previous simulations that overestimate boundary layer nucleation in the tropics and add changes to climate and land use to evaluate climate forcing. Our model includes both pure organic nucleation and heteromolecular nucleation of sulfuric acid and organics and reproduces the profile of aerosol number concentration measured in the Amazon. Organic nucleation decreases the sum of the total aerosol direct and indirect radiative forcing by 12.5%. The addition of climate and land use change decreases the direct radiative forcing (-0.38 W m(-2)) by 6.3% and the indirect radiative forcing (-1.68 W m(-2)) by 3.5% due to the size distribution and number concentration change of secondary organic aerosol and sulfate. Overall, the total radiative forcing associated with anthropogenic aerosols is decreased by 16%.
|Short Title||Nat. Commun.|