Deep ocean communities impacted by changing climate over 24 y in the abyssal northeast Pacific Ocean

TitleDeep ocean communities impacted by changing climate over 24 y in the abyssal northeast Pacific Ocean
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsSmith KL, Ruhl H.A, Kahru M, Huffard C.L, Sherman AD
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume110
Pagination19838-19841
Date Published2013/12
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0027-8424
Accession NumberWOS:000327744900048
Keywordsabundance; carbon cycle; chlorophyll; climate change; deep-sea ecology; discrepancy; ecosystems; fluxes; ne pacific; reveals; sea-floor; time-series station; trends
Abstract

The deep ocean, covering a vast expanse of the globe, relies almost exclusively on a food supply originating from primary production in surface waters. With well-documented warming of oceanic surface waters and conflicting reports of increasing and decreasing primary production trends, questions persist about how such changes impact deep ocean communities. A 24-y time-series study of sinking particulate organic carbon (food) supply and its utilization by the benthic community was conducted in the abyssal northeast Pacific (similar to 4,000-m depth). Here we show that previous findings of food deficits are now punctuated by large episodic surpluses of particulate organic carbon reaching the sea floor, which meet utilization. Changing surface ocean conditions are translated to the deep ocean, where decadal peaks in supply, remineralization, and sequestration of organic carbon have broad implications for global carbon budget projections.

DOI10.1073/pnas.1315447110
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Student Publication: 
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