Deeper penetration of large earthquakes on seismically quiescent faults

TitleDeeper penetration of large earthquakes on seismically quiescent faults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsJiang J.L, Lapusta N.
JournalScience
Volume352
Pagination1293-1297
Date Published2016/06
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0036-8075
Accession NumberWOS:000377972000034
Keywordsbehavior; california; fluid pressure; mechanism; model; propagation; san-andreas fault; slip; system; zone
Abstract

Why many major strike-slip faults known to have had large earthquakes are silent in the interseismic period is a long-standing enigma. One would expect small earthquakes to occur at least at the bottom of the seismogenic zone, where deeper aseismic deformation concentrates loading. We suggest that the absence of such concentrated microseismicity indicates deep rupture past the seismogenic zone in previous large earthquakes. We support this conclusion with numerical simulations of fault behavior and observations of recent major events. Our modeling implies that the 1857 Fort Tejon earthquake on the San Andreas Fault in Southern California penetrated below the seismogenic zone by at least 3 to 5 kilometers. Our findings suggest that such deeper ruptures may occur on other major fault segments, potentially increasing the associated seismic hazard.

DOI10.1126/science.aaf1496
Student Publication: 
No