Designed biosynthesis of 36-methyl-fk506 by polyketide precursor pathway engineering

TitleDesigned biosynthesis of 36-methyl-fk506 by polyketide precursor pathway engineering
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLechner A., Wilson M.C, Ban Y.H, Hwang J.Y, Yoon Y.J, Moore BS
JournalACS Synthetic Biology
Date Published2013/07
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number2161-5063
Accession NumberWOS:000322210200004
Keywordsascomycin; biosynthesis; chemistry; crotonyl-CoA carboxylase; erythromycin; extender units; FK506; fk520; gene-cluster; immunosuppressant; polyketide synthase; products; rapamycin; synthase

The polyketide synthase (PKS) biosynthetic code has recently expanded to include a newly recognized group of extender unit substrates derived from alpha,beta-unsaturated acyl-CoA molecules that deliver diverse side chain chemistry to polyketide backbones. Herein we report the identification of a three-gene operon responsible for the biosynthesis of the PKS building block isobutyrylmalonyl-CoA associated with the macrolide ansalactam A from the marine bacterium Streptomyces sp. CNH189. Using a synthetic biology approach, we engineered the production of unnatural 36-methyl-FK506 in Streptomyces sp. KCTC 11604BP by incorporating the branched extender unit into FK506 biosynthesis in place of its natural C-21 allyl side chain, which has been shown to be critical for FK506's potent immunosuppressant and neurite outgrowth activities.

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