Direct identification of diverse alicyclic terpenoids in Suwannee River fulvic acid

TitleDirect identification of diverse alicyclic terpenoids in Suwannee River fulvic acid
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsArakawa N., Aluwihare L.
JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology
Volume49
Pagination4097-4105
Date Published2015/04
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0013-936X
Accession NumberWOS:000352659000013
Keywordsdissolved organic-matter; resonance mass-spectrometry; water
Abstract

The chemical complexity of dissolved organic matter (DOM) obstructs our ability to definitively recover source compounds from within DOM, an objective which has the capacity to alter our understanding, of carbon sequestration on a. global scale. To advance compositional studies of DOM we have applied a previously published reduction method to an environmental standard, Suwannee River Fulvic Acid (SRFA). The reduction products, comprising 12% of the prereduced carbon, were then separated by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCXGC-TOF-MS). estilts indicate that the majority of obsetved reduced compounds corresponded to alicyclic hydrocarbons in the size range C-10 to C-17. Cyclic terpenoids are the only biomolecule class with contiguous, alicyclic carbon backbones of this size. These terpenoid reduction products contain series offset by CH2 and exhibit great isomeric diversity, features previously inferred from ultrahigh resolution mass spectrometry and NMR studies of unreduced SRFA. Reduction of Taxodium leaf litter as a Source material to SRFA confirmed the prevalence of tetpenoids in SRFA and provided insight into the parent compounds that must be diagenetically modified on relatively short time scales. These data corroborate several recent studies that suggest alicydic hydrocarbons to be important components of longer-lived DOM.

DOI10.1021/es5055176
Short TitleEnviron. Sci. Technol.
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