|Title||Dissolved oxygen as a constraint on daytime deep scattering layer depth in the southern California current ecosystem|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Netburn A.N, Koslow JA|
|Journal||Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||Acoustic; arabian sea; climate change; declining oxygen; Deep scattering layer; distribution patterns; hypoxia; irradiance; Mesopelagic fish; mesopelagic fishes; metabolic; micronekton distribution; minimum zones; northeast pacific; Oxygen minimum zone; scattering; suppression; vertical-distribution|
Climate change-induced ocean deoxygenation is expected to exacerbate hypoxic conditions in mesopelagic waters off the coast of southern California, with potentially deleterious effects for the resident fauna. In order to understand the possible impacts that the oxygen minimum zone expansion will have on these animals, we investigated the response of the depth of the deep scattering layer (i.e., upper and lower boundaries) to natural variations in midwater oxygen concentrations, light levels, and temperature over time and space in the southern California Current Ecosystem. We found that the depth of the lower boundary of the deep scattering layer (DSL) is most strongly correlated with dissolved oxygen concentration, and irradiance and oxygen concentration are the key variables determining the upper boundary. Based on our correlations and published estimates of annual rates of change to irradiance level and hypoxic boundary, we estimated the corresponding annual rate of change of DSL depths. If past trends continue, the upper boundary is expected to shoal at a faster rate than the lower boundary, effectively widening the DSL under climate change scenarios. These results have important implications for the future of pelagic ecosystems, as a change to the distribution of mesopelagic animals could affect pelagic food webs as well as biogeochemical cycles. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.