Diversity and composition of intertidal gastropod microbiomes across a major marine biogeographic boundary

TitleDiversity and composition of intertidal gastropod microbiomes across a major marine biogeographic boundary
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsNeu A.T, Allen EE, Roy K
Volume11
Pagination434-447
Date Published2019/06
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1758-2229
Accession NumberWOS:000468000600015
Keywordsbacterial communities; california; crassostrea-gigas; dominance; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; fusobacteria; gut; host-specificity; microbiology; mycoplasma; Sponge; temperature
Abstract

Marine biogeographic boundaries act as barriers to dispersal for many animal species, thereby creating distinctive faunas on either side. However, how such boundaries affect the distributions of microbial taxa remains poorly known. To test whether biogeographic boundaries influence the diversity and composition of host-associated microbiota, we analysed the microbiomes of three species of common intertidal gastropods at two sites separated by the biogeographic boundary at Point Conception (PtC), CA, using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Our results show that each host species shows microbiome compositional specificity, even across PtC, and that alpha diversity does not change significantly across this boundary for any of the gastropod hosts. However, for two of the host species, beta diversity differs significantly across PtC, indicating that there may be multiple levels of organization of the marine gastropod microbiome. Overall, our results suggest that while biogeographic boundaries do not constrain the distribution of a core set of microbes associated with each host species, they can play a role in structuring the transient portion of the microbiome.

DOI10.1111/1758-2229.12743
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