Domain Organization and Active Site Architecture of a Polyketide Synthase C-methyltransferase

TitleDomain Organization and Active Site Architecture of a Polyketide Synthase C-methyltransferase
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsSkiba M.A, Sikkema A.P, Fiers W.D, Gerwick WH, Sherman D.H, Aldrich C.C, Smith J.L
JournalAcs Chemical Biology
Date Published2016/12
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1554-8929
Accession NumberWOS:000390179700015
Keywordsacid synthase; biosynthetic-pathway; crystal-structures; curacin-a; cyanobacterium lyngbya-majuscula; docking domains; gene-cluster; natural-product; structural basis; yersinia-pestis

Polyketide metabolites produced by modular type I polyketide synthases (PKS) acquire their chemical diversity through the variety of catalytic domains within modules of the pathway. Methyltransferases are among the least characterized of the catalytic domains common to PKS systems. We determined the domain boundaries and characterized the activity of a PKS C-methyltransferase (C-MT) from the curacin A biosynthetic pathway. The C-MT catalyzes S-adenosylmethionine-dependent methyl transfer to the alpha-position of beta-ketoacyl substrates linked to aryl carrier protein (ACP) or a small-molecule analog but does not act on beta-hydroxyacyl substrates or malonyl-ACP. Key catalytic residues conserved in both bacterial and fungal PKS C-MTs were identified in a 2 angstrom crystal structure and validated biochemically. Analysis of the structure and the sequences bordering the C-MT provides insight into the positioning of this domain within complete PKS modules.

Short TitleACS Chem. Biol.
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