|Title||Dust and Biological Aerosols from the Sahara and Asia Influence Precipitation in the Western US|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Creamean JM, Suski KJ, Rosenfeld D, Cazorla A, DeMott PJ, Sullivan RC, White AB, Ralph FM, Minnis P, Comstock JM, Tomlinson JM, Prather KA|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||air-pollution; atmospheric ice nuclei; climate; cloud; liquid; mixed-phase; orographic enhancement; particles; spectrometer; suppression; water|
Winter storms in California's Sierra Nevada increase seasonal snowpack and provide critical water resources and hydropower for the state. Thus, the mechanisms influencing precipitation in this region have been the subject of research for decades. Previous studies suggest Asian dust enhances cloud ice and precipitation, whereas few studies consider biological aerosols as an important global source of ice nuclei (IN). Here, we show that dust and biological aerosols transported from as far as the Sahara were present in glaciated high-altitude clouds coincident with elevated IN concentrations and ice-induced precipitation. This study presents the first direct cloud and precipitation measurements showing that Saharan and Asian dust and biological aerosols probably serve as IN and play an important role in orographic precipitation processes over the western United States.