|Title||Effect of Medium Attenuation on the Asymptotic Eigenvalues of Noise Covariance Matrices|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Menon R, Gerstoft P, Hodgkiss WS|
|Journal||Ieee Signal Processing Letters|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||array; Attenuating media; covariance matrix; eigenvalues; function; model; samples; signals; spatial coherence; toeplitz matrices|
Covariance matrices of noise models are used in signal and array processing to study the effect of various noise fields and array configurations on signals and their detectability. Here, the asymptotic eigenvalues of noise covariance matrices in 2-D and 3-D attenuating media are derived. The asymptotic eigenvalues are given by a continuous function, which is the Fourier transform of the infinite sequence formed by sampling the spatial coherence function. The presence of attenuation decreases the value of the large eigenvalues and raises the value of the smaller eigenvalues (compared to the attenuation free case). The eigenvalue density of the sample covariance matrix also shows variation in shape depending on the attenuation, which potentially could be used to retrieve medium attenuation properties from observations of noise.