Empirical algorithms to estimate water column pH in the Southern Ocean

TitleEmpirical algorithms to estimate water column pH in the Southern Ocean
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsWilliams N.L, Juranek L.W, Johnson K.S, Feely R.A, Riser S.C, Talley LD, Russell J.L, Sarmiento J.L, Wanninkhof R
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Date Published2016/04
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0094-8276
Accession NumberWOS:000375537300048
Keywordsacidification; Alkalinity; anthropogenic carbon; co2; seawater

Empirical algorithms are developed using high-quality GO-SHIP hydrographic measurements of commonly measured parameters (temperature, salinity, pressure, nitrate, and oxygen) that estimate pH in the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean. The coefficients of determination, R-2, are 0.98 for pH from nitrate (pH(N)) and 0.97 for pH from oxygen (pH(Ox)) with RMS errors of 0.010 and 0.008, respectively. These algorithms are applied to Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observations and Modeling (SOCCOM) biogeochemical profiling floats, which include novel sensors (pH, nitrate, oxygen, fluorescence, and backscatter). These algorithms are used to estimate pH on floats with no pH sensors and to validate and adjust pH sensor data from floats with pH sensors. The adjusted float data provide, for the first time, seasonal cycles in surface pH on weekly resolution that range from 0.05 to 0.08 on weekly resolution for the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean.

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