Endogenous WNT signaling regulates hPSC-derived neural progenitor cell heterogeneity and specifies their regional identity

TitleEndogenous WNT signaling regulates hPSC-derived neural progenitor cell heterogeneity and specifies their regional identity
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsMoya N., Cutts J., Gaasterland T., Willert K., Brafman D.A
JournalStem Cell Reports
Volume3
Pagination1015-1028
Date Published2014/12
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number2213-6711
Accession NumberWOS:000346159300009
Keywordsdifferentiation; directed; embryonic stem-cells; expression; functional-neurons; gene; human es; in-vivo; inactivating lentivirus vector; motor-neurons; specification
Abstract

Neural progenitor cells (NPCs) derived from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) are a multipotent cell population that is capable of nearly indefinite expansion and subsequent differentiation into the various neuronal and supporting cell types that comprise the CNS. However, current protocols for differentiating NPCs toward neuronal lineages result in a mixture of neurons from various regions of the CNS. In this study, we determined that endogenous WNT signaling is a primary contributor to the heterogeneity observed in NPC cultures and neuronal differentiation. Furthermore, exogenous manipulation of WNT signaling during neural differentiation, through either activation or inhibition, reduces this heterogeneity in NPC cultures, thereby promoting the formation of regionally homogeneous NPC and neuronal cultures. The ability to manipulate WNT signaling to generate regionally specific NPCs and neurons will be useful for studying human neural development and will greatly enhance the translational potential of hPSCs for neural-related therapies.

DOI10.1016/j.stemcr.2014.10.004
Student Publication: 
No