|Title||Estimation of the geoacoustic properties of the New England Mud Patch from the vertical coherence of the ambient noise in the water column|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Barclay DR, Bevans D.A, Buckingham MJ|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||accumulation; acoustic noise; acoustics; depth-dependence; Engineering; model; oceanographic techniques; oceanography; reflection; sea floor; spatial-correlation; underwater|
The autonomous passive-acoustic lander Deep Sound was deployed at five locations during the Office of Naval Research (ONR)-supported Seabed Characterization Experiment, a multi-institutional field effort held at the New England Mud Patch, where the seabed is known to consist of a thick layer of silt and clay overlying a medium and coarse sand. The five deployments of Deep Sound were up to 9h long, during which time ambient noise data, taken over an acoustic bandwidth of 5Hz-30kHz, were collected on four hydrophones arranged in an inverted "T" shape. Local temperature and conductivity were also recorded continuously at each location. A wave number integral model of wind-driven noise in a fluid waveguide over a two-layered elastic seabed was used to calculate the dependence of the vertical noise coherence on the geoacoustic properties in the overlying silt and clay layer, as well as the subbottom sand half-space. The modeled noise coherence was fitted to the data over the band 100Hz-12kHz, returning the compressional- and shear-wave speeds and densities of both layers and the thickness of the top layer.