|Title||Evaluating CMIP5 ocean biogeochemistry and Southern Ocean carbon uptake using atmospheric potential oxygen: Present-day performance and future projection|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Nevison C.D, Manizza M, Keeling RF, Stephens B.B, Bent J.D, Dunne J., Ilyina T., Long M., Resplandy L., Tjiputra J., Yukimoto S.|
|Journal||Geophysical Research Letters|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||air-sea fluxes; anthropogenic; APO; carbon; carbon cycle; carbon sink; climate-change; CMIP5 models; co2 fluxes; cycle; drake passage; earth system model; ecosystem model; formulation; line simulation characteristics; o-2; ocean; Southern Ocean carbon cycle|
Observed seasonal cycles in atmospheric potential oxygen (APO similar to O-2+1.1 CO2) were used to evaluate eight ocean biogeochemistry models from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5). Model APO seasonal cycles were computed from the CMIP5 air-sea O-2 and CO2 fluxes and compared to observations at three Southern Hemisphere monitoring sites. Four of the models captured either the observed APO seasonal amplitude or phasing relatively well, while the other four did not. Many models had an unrealistic seasonal phasing or amplitude of the CO2 flux, which in turn influenced APO. By 2100 under RCP8.5, the models projected little change in the O-2 component of APO but large changes in the seasonality of the CO2 component associated with ocean acidification. The models with poorer performance on present-day APO tended to project larger net carbon uptake in the Southern Ocean, both today and in 2100.