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Extending global continuous geomagnetic field reconstructions on timescales beyond human civilization

TitleExtending global continuous geomagnetic field reconstructions on timescales beyond human civilization
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsPanovska S., Constable C.G, Korte M.
JournalGeochemistry Geophysics Geosystems
Date Published2018/12
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1525-2027
Accession NumberWOS:000455647900007
Keywordsantarctic south atlantic; core; dipole moment; excursion; Geochemistry & Geophysics; geomagnetic excursion; Geomagnetic field; GGF100k; high-resolution record; ice; magnetic record; moment variation; north-atlantic; Paleointensity; paleomagnetic secular variation; paleosecular variation activity; paleosecular variations; relative; relative paleointensity

Study of the late Quaternary geomagnetic field contributes significantly to understanding the origin of millennial-scale paleomagnetic secular variations, the structure of geomagnetic excursions, and the long-term shielding by the geomagnetic field. A compilation of paleomagnetic sediment records and archeomagnetic and lava flow data covering the past 100ka enables reconstruction of the global geomagnetic field on such long-term scales. We use regularized inversion to build the first global, time-dependent, geomagnetic field model spanning the past 100ka, named GGF100k (Global Geomagnetic Field over the past 100 ka). Spatial parametrization of the model is in spherical harmonics and time variations with cubic splines. The model is heavily constrained by more than 100 continuous sediment records covering extended periods of time, which strongly prevail over the limited number of discrete snapshots provided by archeomagnetic and volcanic data. Following an assessment of temporal resolution in each sediment's magnetic record, we have introduced smoothing kernels into the forward modeling when assessing data misfit. This accommodates the smoothing inherent in the remanence acquisition in individual sediment paleomagnetic records, facilitating a closer fit to both high- and low-resolution records in regions where some sediments have variable temporal resolutions. The model has similar spatial resolution but less temporal complexity than current Holocene geomagnetic field models. Using the new reconstruction, we discuss dipole moment variations, the time-averaged field, and paleomagnetic secular variation activity. The new GGF100k model fills the gap in the geomagnetic power spectrum in the frequency range 100-1,000Ma(-1).

Short TitleGeochem. Geophys. Geosyst.
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