|Title||Genetic tool development in marine protists: emerging model organisms for experimental cell biology|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Faktorova D., Nisbet R.ER, Robledo J.AF, Casacuberta E., Sudek L., Allen A.E, Ares M., Areste C., Balestreri C., Barbrook A.C et al.|
|Type of Article||Article; Early Access|
|Keywords||alga; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; genome; homologous recombination; transformation|
Diverse microbial ecosystems underpin life in the sea. Among these microbes are many unicellular eukaryotes that span the diversity of the eukaryotic tree of life. However, genetic tractability has been limited to a few species, which do not represent eukaryotic diversity or environmentally relevant taxa. Here, we report on the development of genetic tools in a range of protists primarily from marine environments. We present evidence for foreign DNA delivery and expression in 13 species never before transformed and for advancement of tools for eight other species, as well as potential reasons for why transformation of yet another 17 species tested was not achieved. Our resource in genetic manipulation will provide insights into the ancestral eukaryotic lifeforms, general eukaryote cell biology, protein diversification and the evolution of cellular pathways. This Resource describes genetic tools for microbial eukaryotes, providing a roadmap for developing genetically tractable organisms.