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Glider observations of a mesoscale oceanic island wake

TitleGlider observations of a mesoscale oceanic island wake
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsZeiden K.L, Rudnick D.L, MacKinnon JA
Date Published2019/09
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0022-3670
Accession NumberWOS:000481425500001
KeywordsAgeostrophic circulations; blocking; circular-cylinder; eddies; flows; generation; kuroshio; mindanao current; north equatorial current; oceanography; Orographic effects; pacific; Shear structure; topographic effects; tropical; undercurrent jets; variability; velocity

In this study, a 2-yr time series of velocity profiles to 1000 m from meridional glider surveys is used to characterize the wake in the lee of a large island in the western tropical North Pacific Ocean, Palau. Surveys were completed along sections to the east and west of the island to capture both upstream and downstream conditions. Objectively mapped in time and space, mean sections of velocity show the incident westward North Equatorial Current accelerating around the island of Palau, increasing from 0.1 to 0.2 m s(-1) at the surface. Downstream of the island, elevated velocity variability and return flow in the lee are indicative of boundary layer separation. Isolating for periods of depth-average westward flow reveals a length scale in the wake that reflects local details of the topography. Eastward flow is shown to produce an asymmetric wake. Depth-average velocity time series indicate that energetic events (on time scales from weeks to months) are prevalent. These events are associated with mean vorticity values in the wake up to 0.3f near the surface and with instantaneous values that can exceed f (the local Coriolis frequency) during periods of sustained, anomalously strong westward flow. Thus, ageostrophic effects become important to first order.

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