|Title||Global bathymetry and topography at 15 arc sec: SRTM15+|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Tozer B., Sandwell DT, Smith W.HF, Olson C., Beale J.R, Wessel P.|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||altimetry; Astronomy & Astrophysics; digital elevation model; elevation; Geology; geosat; global bathymetry; gravity; marine; marine free-air gravity anomalies; vertical gravity gradient; wave-forms|
An updated global bathymetry and topography grid is presented using a spatial sampling interval of 15 arc sec. The bathymetry is produced using a combination of shipboard soundings and depths predicted using satellite altimetry. New data consists of >33.6 million multibeam and singlebeam measurements collated by several institutions, namely, the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Geoscience Australia, Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping, and Scripps Institution of Oceanography. New altimetry data consists of 48, 14, and 12 months of retracked range measurements from Cryosat-2, SARAL/AltiKa, and Jason-2, respectively. With respect to SRTM15_PLUS (Olson et al.,), the inclusion of these new data results in a similar to 1.4-km improvement in the minimum wavelength recovered for sea surface free-air gravity anomalies, a small increase in the accuracy of altimetrically derived predicted depths, and a 1.24% increase, from 9.60% to 10.84%, in the total area of ocean floor that is constrained by shipboard soundings at 15-arc sec resolution. Bathymetric grid cells constrained by satellite altimetry have estimated uncertainties of 150 m in the deep oceans and 180 m between coastlines and the continental rise. Onshore, topography data are sourced from previously published digital elevation models, predominately SRTM-CGIAR V4.1 between 60 degrees N and 60 degrees S. ArcticDEM is used above 60 degrees N, while Reference Elevation Model of Antarctica is used below 62 degrees S. Auxiliary grids illustrating shipboard data coverage, marine free-air gravity anomalies, and vertical gradient gradients are also provided in common data formats.