|Title||Growth and ingestion rates of heterotrophic dinoflagellates and a ciliate on the mixotrophic dinoflagellate Biecheleria cincta|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Yoo Y.D, Yoon E.Y, Lee K.H, Kang N.S, Jeong H.J|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||algal blooms; feeding; graze; grazing impact; growth; gyrodinium moestrupii; harmful; Harmful algal bloom; ingestion; masan bay; mechanism; oxyrrhis-marina; planktonic food webs; Protist; Red tide; red-tide organisms; sp-nov dinophyceae; western korean waters|
To explore the interactions between the mixotrophic dinoflagellate Biecheleria cincta (previously Woloszynskia cincta) and heterotrophic protists, we investigated whether the common heterotrophic dinoflagellates Gyrodinium dominans, Gyrodinium moestrupii, Gyrodinium spirale, Oxyrrhis marina, and Polykrikos kofoidii, and the ciliate Strobilidium sp. were able to feed on B. cincta. We also measured growth and ingestion rates of O. marina and Strobilidium sp. on B. cincta as a function of prey concentration. In addition, these rates were measured for other predators at single prey concentrations at which the growth and ingestion rates of O. marina and Strobilidium sp. were saturated. All grazers tested in the present study were able to feed on B. cincta. B. cincta clearly supported positive growth of O. marina, G. dominans, and Strobilidium sp., but it did not support that of G. moestrupii, G. spirale, and P kofoidii. The maximum growth rates of Strobilidium sp. and O. marina on B. cincta (0.91 and 0.49 d(-1), respectively) were much higher than that of G. dominans (0.07 d(-1)). With increasing the mean prey concentration, the specific growth rates of O. marina and Strobilidium sp. on B. cincta increased, but either became saturated or slowly increased. The maximum ingestion rate of Strobilidium sp. (1.60 ng C predator(-1) d(-1)) was much higher than that of P kofoidii and O. marina (0.55 and 0.34 ng C predator(-1) d(-1)) on B. cincta. The results of the present study suggest that O. marina and Strobilidium sp. are effective protistan grazers of B. cincta.