Guiding coral reef futures in the Anthropocene

TitleGuiding coral reef futures in the Anthropocene
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsNorstrom A.V, Nystrom M., Jouffray J.B, Folke C., Graham N.AJ, Moberg F., Olsson P., Williams GJ
JournalFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Volume14
Pagination490-498
Date Published2016/11
Type of ArticleReview
ISBN Number1540-9295
Accession NumberWOS:000386912000015
Keywordsclimate-change; ecosystem-based management; Fisheries; great-barrier-reef; marine; ocean acidification; planetary boundaries; regime shifts; resilience; resources; social-ecological systems
Abstract

Anthropogenic changes to the Earth now rival those caused by the forces of nature and have shepherded us into a new planetary epoch - the Anthropocene. Such changes include profound and often unexpected alterations to coral reef ecosystems and the services they provide to human societies. Ensuring that reefs and their services endure during the Anthropocene will require that key drivers of coral reef change fishing, water quality, and anthropogenic climate change - stay within acceptable levels or "safe operating spaces". The capacity to remain within these safe boundaries hinges on understanding the local, but also the increasingly global and cross-scale, socioeconomic causes of these human drivers of change. Consequently, local and regional management efforts that are successful in the short term may ultimately fail if current decision making and institution-building around coral reef systems remains fragmented, poorly coordinated, and unable to keep pace with the escalating speed of social, technological, and ecological change.

DOI10.1002/fee.1427
Short TitleFront. Ecol. Environ.
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