High-resolution interseismic velocity data along the San Andreas Fault from GPS and InSAR

TitleHigh-resolution interseismic velocity data along the San Andreas Fault from GPS and InSAR
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsTong X, Sandwell DT, Smith-Konter B
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth
Date Published2013/01
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0148-0227
Accession NumberWOS:000317849200026
Keywordscreeping segment; crustal; current plate motions; deformation; francisco bay-region; holocene slip rate; model; southern-california; strain accumulation; synthetic-aperture radar; system

We compared four interseismic velocity models of the San Andreas Fault based on GPS observations. The standard deviations of the predicted secular velocity from the four models are larger north of the San Francisco Bay area, near the creeping segment in Central California, and along the San Jacinto Fault and the East California Shear Zone in Southern California. A coherence spectrum analysis of the secular velocity fields indicates relatively high correlation among the four models at longer wavelengths (>15-40 km), with lower correlation at shorter wavelengths. To improve the short-wavelength accuracy of the interseismic velocity model, we integrated interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) observations, initially from Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS) ascending data (spanning from the middle of 2006 to the end of 2010, totaling more than 1100 interferograms), with GPS observations using a Sum/Remove/Filter/Restore approach. The final InSAR line of sight data match the point GPS observations with a mean absolute deviation of 1.5 mm/yr. We systematically evaluated the fault creep rates along major faults of the San Andreas Fault and compared them with creepmeters and alignment array data compiled in Uniform California Earthquake Rupture Forecast, Version 2 (UCERF2). Moreover, this InSAR line of sight dataset can constrain rapid velocity gradients near the faults, which are critical for understanding the along-strike variations in stress accumulation rate and associated earthquake hazard.

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