An ice core record of near-synchronous global climate changes at the Bolling transition

TitleAn ice core record of near-synchronous global climate changes at the Bolling transition
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsRosen J.L, Brook E.J, Severinghaus JP, Blunier T., Mitchell L.E, Lee J.E, Edwards J.S, Gkinis V.
JournalNature Geoscience
Volume7
Pagination459-463
Date Published2014/06
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1752-0894
Accession NumberWOS:000337164400019
Keywordsair; atlantic; atmospheric methane; ch4; circulation; collapse; greenland; last glacial maximum; polar ice; rapid changes
Abstract

The abrupt warming that initiated the Bolling-Allerod interstadial was the penultimate warming in a series of climate variations known as Dansgaard-Oeschger events. Despite the clear expression of this transition in numerous palaeoclimate records, the relative timing of climate shifts in different regions of the world and their causes are subject to debate. Here we explore the phasing of global climate change at the onset of the Bolling-Allerod using air preserved in bubbles in the North Greenland Eemian ice core. Specifically, we measured methane concentrations, which act as a proxy for low-latitude climate, and the N-15/N-14 ratio of N-2, which reflects Greenland surface temperature, over the same interval of time. We use an atmospheric box model and a firn air model to account for potential uncertainties in the data, and find that changes in Greenland temperature and atmospheric methane emissions at the Bolling onset occurred essentially synchronously, with temperature leading by 4.5(-24)(+21) years. We cannot exclude the possibility that tropical climate could iag changing methane concentrations by up to several decades, if the initial methane rise came from boreal sources alone. However, because even boreal methane-producing regions lie far from Greenland, we conclude that the mechanism that drove abrupt change at this time must be capable of rapidly transmitting climate changes across the globe.

DOI10.1038/ngeo2147
Short TitleNat. Geosci.
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