Identification of mantle peridotite as a possible Iapetan ophiolite sliver in south Shetland, Scottish Caledonides

TitleIdentification of mantle peridotite as a possible Iapetan ophiolite sliver in south Shetland, Scottish Caledonides
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsDay JMD, O'Driscoll B., Strachan R.A, Daly J.S, Walker R.J
JournalJournal of the Geological Society
Volume174
Pagination88-92
Date Published2017/01
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0016-7649
Accession NumberWOS:000395862600009
Keywordsabyssal peridotites; complex; constraints; dalradian rocks; heterogeneity; komatiite; moffat,d.,t.; scotland; systematics; tectonics
Abstract

The Neoproterozoic Dunrossness Spilite Subgroup of south Shetland, Scotland, has been interpreted as a series of komatiitic and mafic lava flows formed in a marginal basin in response to Laurentian continental margin rifting. We show that ultramafic rocks previously identified as komatiites are depleted mantle peridotites that experienced seafloor hydrothermal alteration. The presence of positive Bouguer gravity and aeromagnetic anomalies extending from the Dunrossness Spilite Subgroup northward to the Shetland Ophiolite Complex suggests instead that these rocks may form part of an extensive ophiolite sliver, obducted during Iapetus Ocean closure in a forearc setting.

DOI10.1144/jgs2016-074
Short TitleJ. Geol. Soc.
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