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Imaging subsurface structures in the San Jacinto fault zone with high-frequency noise recorded by dense linear arrays

TitleImaging subsurface structures in the San Jacinto fault zone with high-frequency noise recorded by dense linear arrays
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsZigone D., Ben-Zion Y., Lehujeur M., Campillo M., Hillers G., Vernon FL
Date Published2019/05
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0956-540X
Accession NumberWOS:000465608000010
Keywordsandreas fault; Geochemistry & Geophysics; interferometry; internal structure; monte-carlo inversion; of fault zones; resolution; seasonal-variations; seismic tomography; seismic velocity; southern california; temporal-changes; tomography; wave propagation; Wave scattering and diffraction; Wave scattering and diffraction Rheology and friction; wave velocity

Cross-correlations of 2-35 Hz ambient seismic noise recorded by three linear arrays across the San Jacinto Fault Zone (SJFZ) in Southern California are used to derive high-resolution shear wave velocity models for the top 50-90m of the crust at the array locations. Coherent Rayleigh surface waves are inverted to construct 2-D maps of group velocities in the range 0.2-0.6 km s(-1). These maps are inverted to shear wave velocities around the fault using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo approach. The results show marked low-velocity zones in the top 20-30 m with velocity reduction up to 35 per cent and shallow flower structures at depth shallower than 50 m. The derived velocities, location of low-velocity zone with respect to main surface traces and shape with depth are generally consistent with borehole measurements and previous imaging of deeper sections of the SJFZ at the same sites or nearby. The imaging technique requires only similar to 30 d of data (90 per cent of the signal-to-noise ratio is obtained in 15 d) and it bridges an observational gap between surface geology and typical tomography studies with no resolution in the top 100 m.

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