Impact of DNA damaging agents on genome-wide transcriptional profiles in two marine Synechococcus species

TitleImpact of DNA damaging agents on genome-wide transcriptional profiles in two marine Synechococcus species
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsTetu SGabrielle, Johnson DAaron, Varkey DR, Phillippy K, Stuart RK, Dupont C, Hassan KA, Palenik B, Paulsen IT
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume4
Date Published2013/08
Type of ArticleOriginal Research
ISBN Number1664-302X
KeywordsCyanobacteria,DNA Damage,Synechococcus,Microarray,mitomycin c,ethidium bromide
Abstract

Marine microorganisms, particularly those residing in coastal areas, may come in contact with any number of chemicals of environmental or xenobiotic origin. The sensitivity and response of marine cyanobacteria to such chemicals is, at present, poorly understood. We have looked at the transcriptional response of well characterised Synechococcus open ocean (WH8102) and coastal (CC9311) isolates to two DNA damaging agents, mitomycin C and ethidium bromide, using whole-genome expression microarrays. The coastal strain showed differential regulation of a larger proportion of its genome following √ęshock√≠ treatment with each agent. Many of the orthologous genes in these strains, including those encoding sensor kinases, showed different transcriptional responses, with the CC9311 genes more likely to show significant changes in both treatments. While the overall response of each strain was considerably different, there were distinct transcriptional responses common to both strains observed for each DNA damaging agent, linked to the mode of action of each chemical. In both CC9311 and WH8102 there was evidence of SOS response induction under mitomycin C treatment, with genes recA, lexA and umuC significantly upregulated in this experiment but not under ethidium bromide treatment. Conversely, ethidium bromide treatment tended to result in upregulation of the DNA-directed RNA polymerase genes, not observed following mitomycin C treatment. Interestingly, a large number of genes residing on putative genomic island regions of each genome also showed significant upregulation under one or both chemical treatments.

DOI10.3389/fmicb.2013.00232
Short TitleSynechococcus DNA damage transcriptional response
Integrated Research Themes: 
Student Publication: 
No