Inhibition of growth rate and swimming speed of the harmful dinoflagellate Cochlodinium polykrikoides by diatoms: Implications for red tide formation

TitleInhibition of growth rate and swimming speed of the harmful dinoflagellate Cochlodinium polykrikoides by diatoms: Implications for red tide formation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsLim A.S, Jeong H.J, Jang T.Y, Jang S.H, Franks PJS
JournalHarmful Algae
Volume37
Pagination53-61
Date Published2014/07
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1568-9883
Accession NumberWOS:000340322900007
Keywordsakashiwo-sanguinea; algal blooms; bay; bloom formation; Chemical stress; dinoflagellate; diurnal vertical migration; Filtrate; Harmful algal bloom; irradiance; korean coastal waters; long-island; Mixotrophic; Physical contact; phytoplankton; skeletonema-costatum
Abstract

The harmful dinoflagellate Cochlodinium polykrikoides is responsible for red tides that cause large fish kills and extensive economic losses for the fishing industry. Diatoms, another component of planlctonic communities, may play critical roles in the red tide dynamics of C. polykrikoides. Possible inhibition of C polykrikoides growth rate and swimming speed by the common diatoms Chaetoceros danicus, Skeletonema costatum, and Thalassiosira decipiens through physical and chemical mechanisms was explored. S. costatum, C danicus, and T. decipiens reduced the swimming speed of C polykrikoides at diatom concentrations of >5000, 25,000, and 1000 cells ml(-1), respectively. Filtrates from cultures of S. costatum, C. danicus, and T. decipiens also lowered swimming speeds of C polykrikoides, at diatom concentrations of >250,000, 50,000, and 1000 cells ml(-1), respectively. S. costatum caused negative growth rates of C polykrikoides at concentrations of >similar to 130,000 cells ml(-1), while C danicus caused negative growth rates at concentrations of >similar to 1200 cells ml(-1). Simple models parameterized using the experimental data reproduced the changes in C polykrikoides cell concentrations driven by the presence of diatoms. Thus common diatoms may inhibit growth rate and swimming speed of C polykrikoides; reduce the depths reached by C polykrikoides through vertical migration; and, in turn, delay or prevent the outbreak of C polykrikoides red tides. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.hal.2014.05.003
Short TitleHarmful Algae
Integrated Research Themes: 
Student Publication: 
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