Integrating satellite observations and modern climate measurements with the recent sedimentary record: An example from Southeast Alaska

TitleIntegrating satellite observations and modern climate measurements with the recent sedimentary record: An example from Southeast Alaska
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsAddison J.A, Finney B.P, Jaeger J.M, Stoner J.S, Norris RD, Hangsterfer A.
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research-Oceans
Volume118
Pagination3444-3461
Date Published2013/07
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number2169-9275
Accession NumberWOS:000324885400014
Keywordsbritish-columbia; bromine; compositional data; computerized; fish production; Gulf of Alaska; north pacific; odp leg 169s; organic-matter; Pacific decadal oscillation; paleoproductivity; production; regime; saanich inlet; salmon; scanning XRF; shifts; time-series; tomography
Abstract

Assessments of climate change over time scales that exceed the last 100 years require robust integration of high-quality instrument records with high-resolution paleoclimate proxy data. In this study, we show that the recent biogenic sediments accumulating in two temperate ice-free fjords in Southeast Alaska preserve evidence of North Pacific Ocean climate variability as recorded by both instrument networks and satellite observations. Multicore samples EW0408-32MC and EW0408-43MC were investigated with Cs-137 and excess Pb-210 geochronometry, three-dimensional computed tomography, high-resolution scanning XRF geochemistry, and organic stable isotope analyses. EW0408-32MC (57.162 degrees N, 135.357 degrees W, 146 m depth) is a moderately bioturbated continuous record that spans AD approximate to 1930-2004. EW0408-43MC (56.965 degrees N, 135.268 degrees W, 91 m depth) is composed of laminated diatom oozes, a turbidite, and a hypopycnal plume (river flood) deposit. A discontinuous event-based varve chronology indicates 43MC spans AD approximate to 1940-1981. Decadal-scale fluctuations in sedimentary Br/Cl ratios accurately reflect changes in marine organic matter accumulation that display the same temporal pattern as that of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation. An estimated Sitka summer productivity parameter calibrated using SeaWiFS satellite observations support these relationships. The correlation of North Pacific climate regime states, primary productivity, and sediment geochemistry indicate the accumulation of biogenic sediment in Southeast Alaska temperate fjords can be used as a sensitive recorder of past productivity variability, and by inference, past climate conditions in the high-latitude Gulf of Alaska.

DOI10.1002/jgrc.20243
Short TitleJ Geophys Res-Oceans
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