Interaction of North Brazil Current rings with the Lesser Antilles Arc and Barbados Island: laboratory experiments and observations

TitleInteraction of North Brazil Current rings with the Lesser Antilles Arc and Barbados Island: laboratory experiments and observations
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsCruz-Gomez R.C, Vazquez H.J
JournalEnvironmental Fluid Mechanics
Volume18
Pagination1203-1226
Date Published2018/10
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1567-7419
Accession NumberWOS:000456716500008
KeywordsEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology; Isolated vortex; Lesser Antilles Arc; mechanics; Meteorology & Atmospheric; NBC rings; Non-isolated vortex; oceanography; propagation; Rotating table; sciences; topography; vortex; vortices; Water resources
Abstract

The interaction of North Brazil Current (NBC) rings with the Lesser Antilles Arc (LAA) and the Barbados Island (BI) is addressed by experimental modeling and observations. Our results compare well with previous experimental results and numerical simulations. Several sizes, intensities and two different vorticity profiles (non-isolated and initially isolated vortices) were tested. Three regimes were found namely: (1) the vortex surrounds the BI and its translational motion (TM) stops North of BI; (2) the vortex passes through the corridor between the LAA and the BI by reducing its size; and (3) The vortex stopped at the entrance to the corridor South of the BI. Isolated vortices were prone to stopped North of the BI. Apparently the intensity in the outer vorticity ring has an influence on the fate of the NBC ring. Non-isolated vortices can also stop its TM North of the BI because when in beta plane they develop an outer ring similar to the isolated vortices. From these results we conclude that intense and big NBC rings are likely to stop its TM North of the BI. Medium and moderate vortices stops its TM South of the BI and they reduce their size until they are able to pass through the corridor between the LAA and the BI. Mild vortices of all sizes stop South of the corridor, close to the BI and the LAA. Drifter trajectories and Sea Surface Height altimetry confirm the results.

DOI10.1007/s10652-018-9592-x
Short TitleEnviron. Fluid Mech.
Student Publication: 
No