Internal structure of the San Jacinto fault zone at Blackburn Saddle from seismic data of a linear array

TitleInternal structure of the San Jacinto fault zone at Blackburn Saddle from seismic data of a linear array
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsShare P.E, Ben-Zion Y., Ross Z.E, Qiu H.R, Vernon FL
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Volume210
Pagination819-832
Date Published2017/08
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0956-540X
Accession NumberWOS:000409283300018
Keywordsand friction of fault zones; andreas fault; Body waves; Continental tectonics: strike-slip and; direct-p arrivals; double-difference tomography; dynamic rupture; Earthquake dynamics; Guided waves; guided-waves; head; Interface waves; material interface; north anatolian fault; rheology; southern-california; transform; trapped waves; waves
Abstract

Local and teleseismic earthquake waveforms recorded by a 180-m-long linear array (BB) with seven seismometers crossing the Clark fault of the San Jacinto fault zone northwest of Anza are used to image a deep bimaterial interface and core damage structure of the fault. Delay times of P waves across the array indicate an increase in slowness from the southwest most (BB01) to the northeast most (BB07) station. Automatic algorithms combined with visual inspection and additional analyses are used to identify local events generating fault zone head and trapped waves. The observed fault zone head waves imply that the Clark fault in the area is a sharp bimaterial interface, with lower seismic velocity on the southwest side. The moveout between the head and direct P arrivals for events within similar to 40 km epicentral distance indicates an average velocity contrast across the fault over that section and the top 20 km of 3.2 per cent. A constant moveout for events beyond similar to 40 km to the southeast is due to off-fault locations of these events or because the imaged deep bimaterial interface is discontinuous or ends at that distance. The lack of head waves from events beyond similar to 20 km to the northwest is associated with structural complexity near the Hemet stepover. Events located in a broad region generate fault zone trapped waves at stations BB04-BB07. Waveform inversions indicate that the most likely parameters of the trapping structure are width of similar to 200 m, S velocity reduction of 30-40 per cent with respect to the bounding blocks, Q value of 10-20 and depth of similar to 3.5 km. The trapping structure and zone with largest slowness are on the northeast side of the fault. The observed sense of velocity contrast and asymmetric damage across the fault suggest preferred rupture direction of earthquakes to the northwest. This inference is consistent with results of other geological and seismological studies.

DOI10.1093/gji/ggx191
Student Publication: 
No