Internal structure of the San Jacinto fault zone at Jackass Flat from data recorded by a dense linear array

TitleInternal structure of the San Jacinto fault zone at Jackass Flat from data recorded by a dense linear array
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsQiu H., Ben-Zion Y., Ross Z.E, Share P.E, Vernon FL
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Volume209
Pagination1369-1388
Date Published2017/06
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0956-540X
Accession NumberWOS:000408374300002
Keywordsand friction of fault zones; andreas fault; Body waves; california; Continental tectonics: strike-slip and; double-difference tomography; dynamic rupture; Earthquake dynamics; Guided waves; guided-waves; head waves; Interface waves; material interface; north anatolian fault; rheology; slip rates; southern; transform; trapped waves
Abstract

The internal structure of the Clark fault in the trifurcation area of the San Jacinto fault zone is imaged using seismograms recorded by a dense linear array (Jackass Flat, JF) crossing the surface trace of the fault and an adjacent array (TR) to the SW. Delay times between phase arrivals associated with similar to 3500 local earthquakes and nine teleseismic events are used to estimate velocity variations within the arrays. The teleseismic P waves travel faster beneath the TR than the JF array, in contrast to larger scale tomographic results. Statistical analysis of local P-wave delay times indicates that the entire JF array, with an aperture of similar to 400 m, is inside a low-velocity damage zone. This low-velocity zone is bounded on the NE side by a shallow bimaterial interface generating fault zone head waves, and it contains an inner zone of more intense damage generating fault zone trapped waves. The P-wave velocity contrast across the local bounding bimaterial interface is 10-15 per cent. The trapping structure is associated with a width of similar to 200 m, S-wave velocity reduction of similar to 35 per cent with respect to the surrounding rock, Q-value of similar to 20 and depth of similar to 3.5 km. The imaging results suggest that the main seismogenic fault is near the SW end of the JF array, in agreement with a prominent geomorphologic feature. The existence of intense local damage on the crustal block with faster larger scale velocity at depth is consistent with common propagation of earthquake ruptures in the area to the NW.

DOI10.1093/gji/ggx096
Student Publication: 
No