Localization and subsurface position error estimation of gliders using broadband acoustic signals at long range

TitleLocalization and subsurface position error estimation of gliders using broadband acoustic signals at long range
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsVan Uffelen L.J, Howe B.M, Nosal E.M, Carter G.S, Worcester P.F, Dzieciuch M.A
JournalIeee Journal of Oceanic Engineering
Date Published2016/07
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0364-9059
Accession NumberWOS:000384841800002
KeywordsMarine technology; ocean; tomography; underwater acoustics

Broadband acoustic source transmissions recorded on Seagliders at ranges up to 700 km are used to estimate subsurface glider position. Because the sources transmitted at 9-min intervals the glider moved appreciably between source receptions. Source-glider ranges estimated from acoustic arrivals were combined using least squares analysis to estimate glider position and velocity during each reception period. The analysis was applied to 387 sets of source transmissions using three different flight models of glider subsurface motion for initial position input values. The offsets between the position estimated from the flight models and the acoustically derived position resulting from the inversions were 600-900-m root mean square (rms) depending upon the model and input parameters. The offsets were tripled if the positions from the flight models were not corrected for a dive-averaged current ( DAC). Estimates of a posteriori errors ranged from 78-105- m rms and from 9.1-11.6-cm/s rms for glider position and velocity, respectively. Data residuals were on the order of 50-m rms, a dramatic reduction from 178-m rms, which was documented for the case neglecting the motion of the glider between subsequent source transmissions ( Van Uffelen et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Amer., vol. 134, pp. 3260-3271, 2013). Overall horizontal glider speed was estimated to be approximately 21-cm/s rms.

Short TitleIEEE J. Ocean. Eng.
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