Long-period seismic amplification in the Kanto Basin from the ambient seismic field

TitleLong-period seismic amplification in the Kanto Basin from the ambient seismic field
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsDenolle M.A, Miyake H., Nakagawa S., Hirata N., Beroza G.C
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Date Published2014/04
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0094-8276
Accession NumberWOS:000334983000012
Keywordsambient seismic field; amplification; area; basin seismic; california; earthquake; fault; Green's functions; japan; prediction; propagation; strong ground motion; strong ground motion prediction; tokyo; waves

Tokyo, like many seismically threatened cities, is situated atop a sedimentary basin that has the potential to trap and amplify seismic waves from earthquakes. We study amplification in the Kanto Basin by exploiting the information carried by the ambient seismic field. We use 375 seismic stations from the high sensitivity seismograph network across central Honshu as virtual sources and 296 seismic stations of the Metropolitan Seismic Observation network shallow borehole seismometers within the basin as receivers to map the basin response. We find a linear relationship between ground motion and basin depth at periods of 2-10 s that could be used to represent 3-D basin effects in ground motion prediction equations. We also find that the strength of basin seismic amplification depends strongly on the direction of illumination by seismic waves.

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