Magnetic vortex effects on first-order reversal curve (FORC) diagrams for greigite dispersions

TitleMagnetic vortex effects on first-order reversal curve (FORC) diagrams for greigite dispersions
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsValdez-Grijalva M.A, Muxworthy A.R, Williams W., Conbhui P.O, Nagy L., Roberts A.P, Heslop D.
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Date Published2018/11
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0012-821X
Accession NumberWOS:000447105000010
Keywordsfe3s4; fields; FORC diagram; Geochemistry & Geophysics; greigite; heat; hysteresis; micromagnetic; models; particle-systems; single vortex; single-domain magnetite; stability; tool

First-order reversal curve (FORC) diagrams are used increasingly in geophysics for magnetic domain state identification. The domain state of a magnetic particle is highly sensitive to particle size, about which FORC diagrams provide valuable information. However, the FORC signal of particles with nonuniform magnetisations, which are the main carrier of natural remanent magnetisations in many systems, is still poorly understood. In this study, the properties of non-interacting, randomly oriented dispersions of greigite (Fe3S4) in the uniform single-domain (SD) to non-uniform single-vortex (SV) size range are investigated via micromagnetic calculations. Signals for SD particles (<50 nm) are found to be in excellent agreement with previous SD coherent-rotation studies. A transitional range from similar to 50 nm to similar to 80 nm is identified for which a mixture of SD and SV behaviour produces complex FORC diagrams. Particles >similar to 80 nm have purely SV behaviour with the remanent state for all particles in the ensemble in the SV state. It is found that for SV ensembles the FORC diagram provides a map of vortex nucleation and annihilation fields and that the FORC distribution peak should not be interpreted as the coercivity of the sample, but as a vortex annihilation field on the path to saturation. (C) 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Short TitleEarth Planet. Sci. Lett.
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