Managing living marine resources in a dynamic environment: The role of seasonal to decadal climate forecasts

TitleManaging living marine resources in a dynamic environment: The role of seasonal to decadal climate forecasts
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsTommasi D., Stock C.A, Hobday A.J, Methot R., Kaplan I.C, Eveson J.P, Holsman K., Miller T.J, Gaichas S., Gehlen M., Pershing A., Vecchi GA, Msadek R., Delworth T., Eakin C.M, Haltuch M.A, Seferian R., Spillman C.M, Hartog J.R, Siedlecki S., Samhouri J.F, Muhling B., Asch R.G, Pinsky M.L, Saba V.S, Kapnick S.B, Gaitan C.F, Rykaczewski R.R, Alexander M.A, Xue Y., Pegion K.V, Lynch P., Payne M.R, Kristiansen T, Lehodey P., Werner F.E
JournalProgress in Oceanography
Volume152
Pagination15-49
Date Published2017/03
Type of ArticleReview
ISBN Number0079-6611
Accession NumberWOS:000400202100002
Keywords1/12-degrees spatial-resolution; california current system; eastern bering-sea; ecosystem-based; management; management strategy evaluation; nino-southern oscillation; pollock; salmon oncorhynchus-nerka; species distribution models; theragra-chalcogramma; us west-coast
Abstract

Recent developments in global dynamical climate prediction systems have allowed for skillful predictions of climate variables relevant to living marine resources (LMRs) at a scale useful to understanding and managing LMRs. Such predictions present opportunities for improved LMR management and industry operations, as well as new research avenues in fisheries science. LMRs respond to climate variability via changes in physiology and behavior. For species and systems where climate-fisheries links are well established, forecasted LMR responses can lead to anticipatory and more effective decisions, benefitting both managers and stakeholders. Here, we provide an overview of climate prediction systems and advances in seasonal to decadal prediction of marine-resource relevant environmental variables. We then describe a range of climate-sensitive LMR decisions that can be taken at lead-times of months to decades, before highlighting a range of pioneering case studies using climate predictions to inform LMR decisions. The success of these case studies suggests that many additional applications are possible. Progress, however, is limited by observational and modeling challenges. Priority developments include strengthening of the mechanistic linkages between climate and marine resource responses, development of LMR models able to explicitly represent such responses, integration of climate driven LMR dynamics in the multi-driver context within which marine resources exist, and improved prediction of ecosystem relevant variables at the fine regional scales at which most marine resource decisions are made. While there are fundamental limits to predictability, continued advances in these areas have considerable potential to make LMR managers and industry decision more resilient to climate variability and help sustain valuable resources. Concerted dialog between scientists, LMR managers and industry is essential to realizing this potential. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.pocean.2016.12.011
Short TitleProg. Oceanogr.
Student Publication: 
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