|Title||The marine carbon system and ocean acidification during Phanerozoic time|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Mackenzie F.T, Andersson AJ|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||atmosphere total pressure; changes; co2 partial-pressure; coral-reef; hypothesis; last glacial maximum; magnesian calcite overgrowths; major-ion composition; minerals; processes involving; sea-level; south florida platform; u-th ages|
The global CO2-carbonic acid-carbonate system of seawater, although certainly a well-researched topic of interest in the past, has risen to the fore in recent years because of the environmental issue of ocean acidification (often simply termed OA). Despite much previous research, there remain pressing questions about how this most important chemical system of seawater operated at the various time scales of the deep time of the Phanerozoic Eon (the past 545 Ma of Earth's history), interglacial-glacial time, and the Anthropocene (the time of strong human influence on the behaviour of the system) into the future of the planet. One difficulty in any analysis is that the behaviour of the marine carbon system is not only controlled by internal processes in the ocean, but it is intimately linked to the domains of the atmosphere, continental landscape, and marine carbonate sediments.