The mesoscale eddies and Kuroshio transport in the western North Pacific east of Taiwan from 8-year (2003-2010) model reanalysis

TitleThe mesoscale eddies and Kuroshio transport in the western North Pacific east of Taiwan from 8-year (2003-2010) model reanalysis
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLee I.H, Ko D.S, Wang Y.H, Centurioni L, Wang D.P
JournalOcean Dynamics
Volume63
Pagination1027-1040
Date Published2013/10
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1616-7341
Accession NumberWOS:000326049200002
Keywordschina sea; cyclonic eddy; Data assimilation; EOF; florida current; Kuroshio transport; Mesoscale eddy; ocean; prediction system; satellite altimetry data; Subtropical Countercurrent; SVD; topex/poseidon; variability; western north pacific
Abstract

The relationship between the Kuroshio volume transport east of Taiwan (similar to 24A degrees N) and the impinging mesoscale eddies is investigated using 8-year reanalysis of a primitive equation ocean model that assimilates satellite altimetry and SST data. The mean and fluctuations of the model Kuroshio transport agree well with the available observations. Analysis of model dynamic heights and velocity fields reveals three dominant eddy modes. The first mode describes a large eddy of similar to 500 km in diameter, centered at similar to 22A degrees N. The second mode describes a pair of the north-south counter-rotating eddies of similar to 400 km in diameter each, centered at 23A degrees and 20A degrees N, respectively. The third mode describes a pair of the east-west counter-rotating eddies of similar to 300 km in diameter each, centered at 21A degrees N. The associated velocity fields indicate eddies extending to 600-700 m in depth with vertical shears concentrated in the upper 400 m. All three modes and the model Kuroshio transport have similar dominant timescales of 70-150 days and generally are coherent. The decreased Kuroshio volume transports typically are associated with the impinging cyclonic eddies and the increased transports with the anticyclonic eddies. Selected drifter trajectories are presented to illustrate the three eddy modes and their correspondence with the varying Kuroshio transports.

DOI10.1007/s10236-013-0643-z
Short TitleOcean Dyn.
Student Publication: 
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